Kenalkan warna pada anak sejak dini

Tip sukses mengenalkan warna pada warna

• Harus kontinu secara terus-menerus dilakukan setiap hari berkisar 15 hingga 20 menit. Hal ini untuk menyeimbangkan pengetahuan yang ia miliki dengan pertumbuhan saraf otaknya yang sedang maksimal.

• Untuk usia dua tahun kenalkan tiga warna dasar (merah, biru dan kuning) terlebih dulu. Karena, ketiga warna tersebut merupakan warna dasar dari warna yang lain. Setelah ia bisa mengenali tiga warna dasar tersebut, Moms boleh mengenalkan warna-warna yang lainnya.

• Untuk memperkenalkan aneka warna tersebut Moms bisa menggunakan apa pun yang ada di sekeliling rumah dan lingkungan. Misalnya mainannya yang berwarna biru, buah apel yang berwarna merah atau warna kuning pada jeruk/lemon. Jangan lupa tunjuk benda yang dimaksud atau saat ia memakan buah tersebut.

• Lafalkan warna dengan intonasi yang jelas sehingga anak akan tahu perbedaannya dengan lebih jelas. Agar lebih fun lakukan sambil bermain.  Jika perlu perlihatkan ekspresi muka Moms ketika menyebutkan warna tersebut karena sebelumnya, dia belajar dari cara mendengar.

• Indra sentuhan juga bisa sekaligus ibu ajarkan. Dengan cara meraba kulit jeruk, lemon atau apel si kecil juga akan tahu visual dan teksturnya.
• Jika ia sulit untuk menghafal dan mengetahui warna tersebut, janganlah  berputus asa. Moms dapat melakukan penambahan intensitas belajar sambil bermain seperti di atas dengan waktu yang sedikit lebih banyak. Misal, kalau dulu satu kali sehari maka sekarang dua atau tiga kali sehari. Namun tetap harus fun dengan durasi hanya 15 sampai dengan 20 menit. Namun tetap jangan memaksakannya ya, Moms!

• Moms juga harus dapat melihat kemampuan si kecil lebih peka kepada indra pendengarannya atau indra penglihatannya. Karena jika Moms mengetahuinya maka akan lebih mudah mengajarkan si kecil untuk mengetahui aneka warna.

• Moms boleh-boleh saja mengenalkan warna dengan dua bahasa (misalnya bahasa Inggris dan Indonesia). Namun yang perlu diperhatikan, bahasa harus dapat dimengerti oleh anak, sehingga si kecil tahu persis bahwa dua bahasa tersebut berarti sama.

• Yang tak kalah penting, saat mengenalkan warna kepada si kecil, Moms harus sabar dan jangan putus asa.


Si kecil hafal warna, tanda cerdas?
Bila dikaitkan dengan sistem kerja otak, ternyata ada sistem kerja otak anak yang dominannya visual -ditandai dengan fungsi lobus oksivitalis yang sangat kuat- di mana ia peka terhadap warna, gambar dan semua yang sifatnya berhubungan dengan tatapan matanya.

Namun ada juga anak yang lebih dominan pada fungsi audionya (suara atau pendengaran) – ditandai dengan lobus temporaly. Gaya belajar yang ditentukan dari fungsi otak tersebut membuat setiap anak mempunyai kepekaan yang berbeda terhadap proses belajar.

Dengan demikian diharapkan Moms lebih mengetahui, bila si kecil lebih peka terhadap pendengaran maka pengenalan warna (secara visual) akan membutuhkan warna sedikit lebih banyak. Tapi jangan langsung mencap bahwa ia lebih lambat mengetahui warna berarti ia kurang cerdas.


contoh kalimat dengan kata “requirement”

requirement sentence examples

  • Requirements of entry: students should achieve a minimum of a ‘ d ‘ grade in all four level 2 business & management courses.
  • To get a credit card merchant account your company has to meet certain minimum requirements with the credit card company.
  • The service is designed to comply with legal requirements covering the disposal of such waste.
  • Requirements specifications can and do cause accidents.
  • What are the gcse entry requirements for the course?
  • Between them, the two engine sizes satisfy all possible requirements.
  • To get a credit card merchant account your company has to meet certain minimum requirements with the credit card company.
  • For alternative qualifications, see further information about entrancerequirements.
  • In particular, bbsrc would welcome proposals for projects that fulfill therequirements of the council’s industrial partnership award ( ipa ) scheme.
  • The csci can make statutory requirements, which the home must meet in order to retain its registration for care.
  • Eligibility requirements only monographs dealing mainly with canada written in a language other than french or english are eligible.
  • Different applications impose very different requirements on the virtual city.
  • There are no specific requirements for drilling rate etc for the seed we will be sent.
  • Both portals have galleries above the tunnel made from the modern safetyrequirements for escape routes.
  • The seminar will explain how architecture assessment can be used to find out how well an architecture fulfills the requirements.
  • Often an overseas company’s accounts prepared for its home jurisdiction are sufficiently similar to satisfy the uk regulatory requirements.
  • Top of page disclosure requirements capital commitments are to be disclosed in the notes to the accounts.
  • A wire run can be fitted onto the end and the layout altered to suit customer`s requirements.
  • Evening meals, packed lunches, special dietary requirements all catered for by arrangement.
  • It is a good option for a company because of its simple reportingrequirements.




contoh kalimat dengan kata “purpose”

purpose sentence examples

  • Purpose of these regulations is to improve staff health and safety.
  • I am sure these gates served that purpose well.
  • It should not interfere with the use of the premises for the stated charitablepurpose.
  • A corporation is a separate entity for tax purposes.
  • Purpose of this article is to clarify the scope, rather than discuss the detailed provisions of section 798.
  • Purpose built quad bike tracks.
  • The sole purpose of the company is to deliver a level of service which is beyond reproach.
  • We will not use your sensitive personal data for marketing purposes.
  • Purposes originally intended by parliament.
  • You may not reproduce any material on a web site, whether for personal, educational, commercial or non-commercial purposes, without permission.
  • You may freely redistribute this chapter in its entirety for noncommercialpurposes.
  • The article explained the purpose of the exercise as being that some moslems reject the modern, secular society… offensive danish cartoons?
  • The trend in the european union is not to allow exceptions for copying for a commercial purpose.
  • It is a multi purpose facility that includes a sports hall, fitness suite, public library and an it suite.
  • Dt1 06-08-2004, 01:42 doesn’t having those extra fans defeat the purposeof having a quiet psu?
  • Where re-use for educational purposes has been ruled out, every effort should be made to find a new use.
  • The value of any assets under a gwr would remain part of your estate for ihtpurposes.
  • Purposes prohibited without prior written permission from the copyright holder.
  • Acas will give you the option to opt-in to receive acas e-mails or mailings for marketing or informational purposes.
  • Stuart continues: ‘we also agreed that dna profiling for identificationpurposes should be included on registration documents.




Question Response

1. Bill: Your room looks  dirty. How about if I help you clean it up?                                    

     Helen   : That’s very kind of you.

2.  Jessican : Would you prefer to get a job or continue studying?
        Bill            : I prefer working if possible.

3.  Anna  : Can you tell me where South street is, please?
       David : Yes,it is about five minutes walk in that direction.

4.  Robert     : Would you like to come over for dinner tonight?
       Marry      : I’d love to, thanks.

5.  Daniel      : Why don’t you take a public speaking  class?
       Lucy         : That’s a good idea.

6.   Man         : I think English is interesting, isn’t it?
       Woman : Yes, i really like it.

7.  Justin       : What time does this electronic store open?
      Sherly       : As far as I know it opens at 5 p.m.

 8.  Roberto       : I’m terribly sorry for the inconvenience.
       Agnes             : It’s  okay. Sometimes this thing happened.

 9.    Man       : Hello mother. How’s everything?
        Woman  : Not so bad.

10. Patrick:I don’t think you have met him before.Lisa,this is Mr.Edi                          Lisa: I am happy to meet you.

11.      Man       : Good by. See you soon!
            Woman  : See you later.

12.      Man       : It’s okay. I’ll call the taxi.

Question 1

You will hear:

Who picks up the mail from our desks?

(A) Emily typically does it.

(B) Put the letters away.

(C) Yes, I will.

This copy machine is very easy to use, isn’t it?

(A) No, I’ll just sit right here.

(B) Yes, I need a pencil.

(C) Yes, it’s uncomplicated.

Where is the nearest restaurant?

(A) I’m going to lunch with Bill.

(B) It’s just down the street.

(C) My car is outside.

Is Jack staying late at work?

(A) Yes, he is delayed.

(B) Yes, he is going home.

(C) Yes, I will stay if necessary

Have the new desks arrived?

(A) No, I already have a coat.

(B) No, they’re coming tomorrow.

(C) Yes, the conference is Wednesday.

Who put this paper on my desk?

(A) I am not sure.

(B) Yes, she is coming with us.

(C) Elizabeth is the new intern.

Will you please file these for me?

(A) It’s next to the fax machine.

(B) Yes, I will.

(C) No, James left already.

Is the office closed tomorrow?

(A) Yes, no one will be here.

(B) Yes, I am ready to leave.

(C) No, the meeting is for managers only.

The conference room is this way, isn’t it?

(A) It’s actually in the next room.

(B) Yes, she wants to meet you.

(C) No, the computer isn’t working.

1. Will he came tomorrow ?                  8. Have you had your haircut ?
2. Is that the president over there?  9. Did you understand what he said?
3. What was your sister ?                     10. Shall we go now ?
4. Are you ready ?                                   11. Do you come from Japan ?
5. Can you speak French ?                    12. Do you like playing Chess ?
6. Are you fine ?                                       13. Have you been to Bali ?

7. Are you married ?                              14. Is he your brother ?

    • Did you go to the party?
    • How many people came?
    • How was the party?did you go to the party?
    • How many people come?
    • How is the party?


      1. Have you finished doing your homework?
      2. Will you go to watch a movie with me tonight?
      3. Is she pretty?
      4. Does he always go to school on foot?
      5. Did you visit your parents during holiday?


        Isn’t the earth that travels around the sun? (Bukankah bumi yang mengitari matahari?). Di sini si penanya ingin memastikan bahwa bumilah yang mengitari bumi dan bukan sebaliknya.

        Aren’t you making spaghetti? (Bukankah kamu sedang masak spaghetti?)

        Didn’t you fail this course last semester? (Bukankah kamu tidak lulus mata kuliah ini semester lalu?)

        Wasn’t he playing chess with you when I went to his house last night?

        Hasn’t she seen the Ayat-Ayat Cinta? (Bukankah dia sudah nonton film Ayat-Ayat Cinta.

        Aren’t they going to see a movie tonight?

contoh kalimat Gerund

Gerunds adalah kata kerja (verb) yang ditambah ing (verb + ing) dan berfungsi sebagai kata benda (noun). Dengan kata lain, gerund adalah kata kerja yang dibendakan/diubah menjadi kata benda 

Dalam kalimat bahasa Inggris, gerunds mempunyai peran sebagai:
  1. Gerunds as subject
  2. Gerunds as object
  3. Gerunds as subjective complement
  4. Gerunds as object of preposition
  5. Gerunds after word “NO”
  6. Gerunds after possessive adjective
  7. Gerunds after certain verbs
  8. Gerunds as appositive
Dalam kalimat, gerund berfungsi sebagai:
a. subjek (subject)
b. pelengkap subjek (subjective complement)
c. objek langsung (direct object)
d. objek preposisi (object of preposition)
e. aposisi (appositive)
Gerunds as subject, gerunds yang berfungsi sebagai subject:
Reading is not my hobby.
Swimming is better than running.
Hiking can be very strenuous.
Gerunds as object
I like reading.
She goes swimming every morning.
Their favorite sport is running.
Gerunds as Subjective Complement, Gerund sebagai pelengkap subjek dalam kalimat biasanya selalu didahului tobe yang terletak di antara subject dan subjective complement, contoh:
Her favorite sport is swimming.
Gerunds as object of preposition, Gerund sebagai objek dari preposisi terletak setelah preposisi, misalnya; for, before, without, in, at, after, dll.
I will wash the dishes after eating.
You cannot be rich man without working.
Gerunds after “NO”
Dalam kalimat larangan, kita sering memakai kata “No” dan setelahnya biasanya diletakkan verb + ing yaitu gerunds. Contoh:
No Smoking!
No parking in this area!
Gerunds after possesive adjective, Gerunds juga sering kita jumpai setelah possessive adjective.
Thanks for your coming.
Gerunds after certain verbs, dalam bahasa Inggris, ada beberapa kata kerja tertentu yang bila kita ingin memasukan kata kerja sesudah kata kerja tersebut, maka kata kerja setelahnya harusnya berbentuk gerund atau verb + ing.
Berikut ini daftar kata kerja-kata kerja tersebut beserta contoh kalimatnya:
Admit               :  He admitted cheating on the test.
Advise              :  The doctor generally advised drinking low-fat milk.
Allow               :  Ireland doesn’t allow smoking in bars.
Anticipate         :  I anticipated arriving late.
Appreciate       :  I appreciated her helping me.
Avoid               :  He avoided talking to her.
Begin                :  I began learning Chinese.
can’t bear         :  He can’t bear having so much responsibility.
can’t help          :  He can’t help talking so loudly.
can’t see           :  I can’t see paying so much money for a car.
can’t stand        : He can’t stand her smoking in the office.
Cease               : The government ceased providing free healthcare.
Complete         :  He completed renovating the house.
Consider          ; She considered moving to New York.
Continue           : He continued talking.
Defend             : The lawyer defended her making such statements.
Delay               : He delayed doing his taxes.
Deny                : He denied committing the crime.
Despise            : She despises waking up early.
Discuss             : We discussed working at the company.
Dislike              : She dislikes working after 5 PM.
Mind                : I don’t mind helping you.
Dread               : She dreads getting up at 5 AM.
Encourage        : He encourages eating healthy foods.
Enjoy               : We enjoy hiking.
Finish               : He finished doing his homework.
forget               : I forgot giving you my book.
hate                  : I hate cleaning the bathroom.
Imagine            : He imagines working there one day.
Involve             : The job involves traveling to Japan once a month.
Keep                : She kept interrupting me.
 Like                : She likes listening to music.
Love                : I love swimming.
Mention            : He mentioned going to that college.
Miss                      : She misses living near the beach.
neglect               : Sometimes she neglects doing her homework.
permit                : California does not permit smoking in restaurants.
Postpone          : He postponed returning to Paris.
Practice              : She practiced singing the song.
Prefer                   : He prefers sitting at the back of the movie theater.
propose              : I proposed having lunch at the beach.
 quit                      : She quit worrying about the problem.
Recall                  : Tom recalled using his credit card at the store.
Recollect          : She recollected living in Kenya.
Recommend  : Tony recommended taking the train.
regret                  : She regretted saying that.
Remember       : I remember telling her the address yesterday.
Report                 : He reported her stealing the money.
require               : The certificate requires completing two courses.
Resent                 : Nick resented Debbie’s being there.
Resist                   : He resisted asking for help.
Risk                       : He risked being caught.
Start                     : He started studying harder.
Stop                       :  She stopped working at 5 o’clock.
Suggest                  : They suggested staying at the hotel.
Tolerate                : I tolerated her talking.
Try                          : Sam tried opening the lock with a paperclip.
Understand       : I understand his quitting.
Urge                        :They urge recycling bottles and paper
Gerunds as appositive, Gerund sebagai aposisi atau penegas dalam kalimat, contoh:
·  His method, shooting and killing, eventually came to an end.
·  She has a bad habit, gambling.
·  Her favorite exercise, swimming in the pool, makes her body strong.
·  That difficult work, sawing hard woo, makes him exhausted


1.       ____ all the way make us tired.
a.       Walk
b.      Walking
c.       We walk
d.      We have walked
e.      By walking
2.       I don’t like ____ to another school
a.       Mira moves
b.      Mira she’s moving
c.       Mora move
d.      Mira’s moving
e.      The moving of mira
3.       I’m sorry for ____to move to another school
a.       Doing
b.      Making
c.       Causing
d.      Creating
e.      Developing
4.       Little children are usually afraid of___ by their mother
a.       Left
b.      To left
c.       Being left
d.      Leaving
e.      Been left
5.       My brother has been away from home for years without ever ______to us
a.       To write
b.      To be written
c.       Have written
d.      Writing
e.      Written
6.       Before ____his essay he read books on the subject
a.       He writes
b.      He has written
c.       Writing
d.      He has written
e.      I am writing
7.       My parent are happy about ____ the prize in the essay contest
a.       My winning
b.      I win
c.       Me winning
d.      That I win
e.      I am winning
1.       After ____ his pass, he has allowed to enter the building
a.       Shown
b.      Have shown
c.       Showed
d.      Showing
e.      To show
2.       Although dino has denied ____ the money, they are still suspecting him
a.       Stolen
b.      Steal
c.       To steal
d.      Stealing
e.      Have stolen
3.       The man sitting next to ratu said, “do you mind______?”
a.       Smoking
b.      Smoke
c.       To smoke
d.      My smoking
e.      Be smoking
4.       He must avoid____ too hard because of his poor health
a.       Be working
b.      In working
c.       Work
d.      Working
e.      To be working
5.       Would you mind_____ so loud?
a.       To talk
b.      To not talking
c.       Not talking
d.      You not talk
e.      Not to talk.
6.       Please excuse me______ you
a.       To interrupt
b.      Interrupt
c.       Interrupting
d.      Interrupted
e.      For interrupting
7.       He was sentenced to two years imprisonment he confessed _______
a.       Steal the jewels
b.      When stealing the jewels
c.       He stole the jewels
d.      To having stolen the jewels

e.   To be stealing the jewels

1.       I ____ to his behaving so rudely to ward his sister
a.       Object
b.      Dislike
c.       Disagree
d.      Complain
e.      Regret
2.        I am looking forward to _____ a salary raise next month
a.       Get
b.      Be getting
c.       Getting
d.      Have got
e.      Got
3.       Have you considered _____ to an apartment closer to your office?
a.       Move
b.      To move
c.       Moved
d.      Moving
e.      To be moving
4.       It’s hot in here. The air condition is not working’.
I think it only needs___________.”
a.       To clean
b.      Cleaning
c.       Cleaned
d.      Clean
e.      Be cleaned
5.       In her letter my friend said that she was looking forward _________ from me again.
a.       To hearing
b.      To hear
c.       Hearing
d.      Having heard
e.      Dance
6.       What does this song remind you of?
_____ with my first date.
a.       Io dance
b.      To dance
c.       Dancing
d.      To be dancing
e.      Dance

7.       We always try to avoid _______ preserved foods.

a.       Consuming
b.      To consume
c.       Consumed
d.      We consume
e.      Being consumed
1.       It’s difficult ______ smoking
a.       The give up
b.      Give up
c.       Given up
d.      To be given up
e.      To be giving up

2.       We did not know how ________ him stop drinking

a.       Make
b.      Made
c.       to make
d.      to be made
e.      making

3.       since my father and my mother are both working, we usually go ________ on Sundays

a.       to shop
b.      they shop
c.       shopping
d.      for shopping

e.      shop

4.       I remember ______ in his town when traffic wasn’t too heavy get.
a.       Be driving
b.      We driving
c.       Drive
d.      Our driving

e.      To drive.

1. I can’t help (feel)  worried about the situation in the Middle East.
2. I think most people prefer (ride)  in comfortable cars to (walk) .
3. She loves (swim)  in the lake.
4. There’s no (deny)  that he enjoys (listen)  to his own voice.
5. Don’t keep on (shout)  like that; you will wake up your mother.
6. I enjoy (rest)  in the afternoon after (try)  to finish (do)  my English homework.
7. She likes (begin)  pieces of knitting but hates (finish)  them.
8. I dread (take)  examinations for fear of (fail) .
9. I couldn’t resist (buy)  the lovely apples.
10. I wouldn’t miss (see)  that lovely film for the world!

Exercise on Infinitive and Gerund

Complete the sentences with the gerund form of the verbs in parentheses.

  1. She is good at (dance) .
  2. He is crazy about (sing) .
  3. I don’t like (play)  cards.
  4. They are afraid of (swim)  in the sea.
  5. You should give up (smoke) .
  6. Sam dreams of (be)  a popstar.
  7. He is interested in (make)  friends.
  8. My uncle is afraid of (go)  by plane.
  9. We insist on (cook)  the dinner ourselves.
Yuri was in his first year at university, studying History. He was rather a lazy student, and he tended to avoid (work)  whenever he could. In the middle of the semester, his history professor gave out an assignment, due in two weeks. Yuri intended (do)  the assignment, but he postponed(write)  it for a week. The following week, he forgot (do)  it. The night before the assignment was due, he suddenly remembered it, and rushed to the library. He tried (read)  as much as possible on the topic, but there wasn’t enough time. Yuri considered (ask)  for more time to do his paper, but the History professor was known to be very tough on students, so finally he decided (cheat)  and copy his paper from somewhere else. He found an old article on the same topic, and quickly typed it out. The next day, he submitted the paper.The following week, he was alarmed (see)  the professor approaching him, looking angry. “Is this your own work, or did you copy it?” asked the professor. Yuri denied(copy)  the paper.
“If you expect me (believe)  that, you must think I am very stupid,” said the professor. “Every word is taken from an article I wrote myself five years ago. Did you really think I would forget (write)  it?” 


1. A friend of mine was accused of stealing food
(I think this is a gerund as it is the object of the verb accused?)

2. My wife is out shopping right now
(I think this is not a gerund as shopping is the main verb?)

3. When Sarah is playing music she is happy
(I think this is not a gerund, playing is the verb?)

4.Can you feel my heart beating?
(I think here beating is not a gerund but an adjective describing the action of the heart?, even though ‘heart beating’ is the object of the verb ‘feel’)

5. James was washing up when I saw him yesterday
(I think here washing is the main verb and not a gerund?)

6. I regret spending so much money on shoes
(I think spending is a gerund as it is the object of the verb ‘regret’)

7. The grass wants cutting this weekend
(I think cutting is a gerund as it is the object of the verb ‘wants’)

Present Continuous Tense

–          She is reading now but she will write soon

–          They are studying English now

–          We are writing again in a few weeks

–          We are going camping tomorrow

–          I am starting piano lessons soon

–         They are having a barbeque this evening

  1. –          Marry is making a dress

–          We are singing too loudly

–          They are fishing in the stream

–          We are working hard these days

  1. I am reading your book now
  2. It’s raining now
  3. Jack is sleeping on the sofa now
  4. Dewi is working in her office
  5. We are watching a movie on TV
  6. They’re playing ball in the yard now
  7. We are reading a newspaper now
  8. Bill and Anna are discussing right now
  9. Is Mrs.Jones cooking in the kitchen ?
  10. Patricia, Helen and Marry are doing their homework at the moment
  11. Mr. Jones is not going to library
  12. Mr. Justin is writting a letter
  13. Robert is watching a football match on TV
  14. My friend is leaving for Campus by bus 
  15. Are They listening to radio tonight ?

Simple Present tense

She lives in a small house in front of my house

Mr. Tatang sometimes teaches English in the afternoon

He usually wears a black tie

Ronaldo often ask me to Play Football Every Sunday

–          Luna Maya always eats a rice for Lunch

–          All dogs have one mouth

         A Lazy Man usually gets up at Nine in the morning

          Ricardo goes to beach on Sunday

      Key and Peter always go fishing every week

I go to the office by motorcycle
I work at the office
I love you

I read news paper 2 hours ago

I cook Rice in the kitchen

I always come to campus on Saturday and Sunday