Kenalkan warna pada anak sejak dini

Tip sukses mengenalkan warna pada warna

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• Harus kontinu secara terus-menerus dilakukan setiap hari berkisar 15 hingga 20 menit. Hal ini untuk menyeimbangkan pengetahuan yang ia miliki dengan pertumbuhan saraf otaknya yang sedang maksimal.

• Untuk usia dua tahun kenalkan tiga warna dasar (merah, biru dan kuning) terlebih dulu. Karena, ketiga warna tersebut merupakan warna dasar dari warna yang lain. Setelah ia bisa mengenali tiga warna dasar tersebut, Moms boleh mengenalkan warna-warna yang lainnya.

• Untuk memperkenalkan aneka warna tersebut Moms bisa menggunakan apa pun yang ada di sekeliling rumah dan lingkungan. Misalnya mainannya yang berwarna biru, buah apel yang berwarna merah atau warna kuning pada jeruk/lemon. Jangan lupa tunjuk benda yang dimaksud atau saat ia memakan buah tersebut.

• Lafalkan warna dengan intonasi yang jelas sehingga anak akan tahu perbedaannya dengan lebih jelas. Agar lebih fun lakukan sambil bermain.  Jika perlu perlihatkan ekspresi muka Moms ketika menyebutkan warna tersebut karena sebelumnya, dia belajar dari cara mendengar.

• Indra sentuhan juga bisa sekaligus ibu ajarkan. Dengan cara meraba kulit jeruk, lemon atau apel si kecil juga akan tahu visual dan teksturnya.
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• Jika ia sulit untuk menghafal dan mengetahui warna tersebut, janganlah  berputus asa. Moms dapat melakukan penambahan intensitas belajar sambil bermain seperti di atas dengan waktu yang sedikit lebih banyak. Misal, kalau dulu satu kali sehari maka sekarang dua atau tiga kali sehari. Namun tetap harus fun dengan durasi hanya 15 sampai dengan 20 menit. Namun tetap jangan memaksakannya ya, Moms!

• Moms juga harus dapat melihat kemampuan si kecil lebih peka kepada indra pendengarannya atau indra penglihatannya. Karena jika Moms mengetahuinya maka akan lebih mudah mengajarkan si kecil untuk mengetahui aneka warna.

• Moms boleh-boleh saja mengenalkan warna dengan dua bahasa (misalnya bahasa Inggris dan Indonesia). Namun yang perlu diperhatikan, bahasa harus dapat dimengerti oleh anak, sehingga si kecil tahu persis bahwa dua bahasa tersebut berarti sama.

• Yang tak kalah penting, saat mengenalkan warna kepada si kecil, Moms harus sabar dan jangan putus asa.

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Si kecil hafal warna, tanda cerdas?
Bila dikaitkan dengan sistem kerja otak, ternyata ada sistem kerja otak anak yang dominannya visual -ditandai dengan fungsi lobus oksivitalis yang sangat kuat- di mana ia peka terhadap warna, gambar dan semua yang sifatnya berhubungan dengan tatapan matanya.

Namun ada juga anak yang lebih dominan pada fungsi audionya (suara atau pendengaran) – ditandai dengan lobus temporaly. Gaya belajar yang ditentukan dari fungsi otak tersebut membuat setiap anak mempunyai kepekaan yang berbeda terhadap proses belajar.

Dengan demikian diharapkan Moms lebih mengetahui, bila si kecil lebih peka terhadap pendengaran maka pengenalan warna (secara visual) akan membutuhkan warna sedikit lebih banyak. Tapi jangan langsung mencap bahwa ia lebih lambat mengetahui warna berarti ia kurang cerdas.

Menggali Potensi anak

a13Keberhasilan suatu pendidikan sering dikaitkan dengan para orang tua dalam hal memahami anak sebagai indivdu yang unik,dimana setiap anak dilihat sebagai individu yang memiliki potensi-potensi yang berbeda satu sama lain namun saling melengkapi dan berharga.

 
Selain memahami bahwa anak merupakan individu yang unik, ada beberapa catatan yang perlu kita perhatikan dalam kaitannya denga upaya kiat memahami anak, Yaitu bahwa anak adalah :
  1. Anak adalah tetap anak-anak, bukan orang dewasa, mereka memiliki keterbatasan bila harus dibandingkan dengan orang dewasa.
  2. Dunia Bermain. Dunia mereka adalah dunia bermain, yaitu dunia yang penuh dengan spontanitas dan menyenangkan.
  3. Berkembang. Anak selain tumbuh secara fisik, juga berkembang secara psikologis, ada fase perkembangan yang dilaluinya dan anak menampilakn berbagai perilku sesuai dengan ciri-ciri masing-masing fase perkembangan tersebut.
  4. Senang meniru. Anak-anak pada dasarnya enang meniru, karena salah satu proses pembentukan tingkah laku mereka adalah diperoleh dengan cara meniru.
  5. Kreatif. Anak-anak pada dasarnya kreatif, mereka mempunyai ciri-ciri individu yang oleh para ahli sering digolongkan sebagai ciri-ciri individu yang yang kreatif, misalnya rasa ingin tahu yang besar, senang bertanya, imajinasi yang tinggi.

Dalam hal ini maka orang tua dan guru perlu memahami kreatifitas yang ada pada diri anak-anak, dengan sikap yang luwes dan kreatif pula.

Membentuk Karakter anak

anakMembentuk Karakter anak

Meningkatkan peran orang tua
Orang tua sebaiknya memperkenalkan nilai-nilai kebaikan kepada anakanak sejak mereka masih kecil. Dengan demikian, ketika anak-anak dewasa, nilai-nilai tersebut akan melekat dalam kepribadian mereka.

Ciptakan lingkungan yang sehat
Jangan biarkan anak-anak tumbuh dan besar dalam lingkungan yang tidak sehat serta rentan dengan perbuatanperbuatan asusila.

Meningkatkan peran sekolah
Selain orang tua, sekolah berperan penting dalam melahirkan generasi yang cerdas dan berkarakter baik sesuai dengan kebutuhan bangsa.

contoh kalimat Gerund


Gerunds adalah kata kerja (verb) yang ditambah ing (verb + ing) dan berfungsi sebagai kata benda (noun). Dengan kata lain, gerund adalah kata kerja yang dibendakan/diubah menjadi kata benda 

Dalam kalimat bahasa Inggris, gerunds mempunyai peran sebagai:
  1. Gerunds as subject
  2. Gerunds as object
  3. Gerunds as subjective complement
  4. Gerunds as object of preposition
  5. Gerunds after word “NO”
  6. Gerunds after possessive adjective
  7. Gerunds after certain verbs
  8. Gerunds as appositive
Dalam kalimat, gerund berfungsi sebagai:
a. subjek (subject)
b. pelengkap subjek (subjective complement)
c. objek langsung (direct object)
d. objek preposisi (object of preposition)
e. aposisi (appositive)
Gerunds as subject, gerunds yang berfungsi sebagai subject:
Reading is not my hobby.
Swimming is better than running.
Hiking can be very strenuous.
Gerunds as object
I like reading.
She goes swimming every morning.
Their favorite sport is running.
Gerunds as Subjective Complement, Gerund sebagai pelengkap subjek dalam kalimat biasanya selalu didahului tobe yang terletak di antara subject dan subjective complement, contoh:
Her favorite sport is swimming.
Gerunds as object of preposition, Gerund sebagai objek dari preposisi terletak setelah preposisi, misalnya; for, before, without, in, at, after, dll.
Contoh;
I will wash the dishes after eating.
You cannot be rich man without working.
 
Gerunds after “NO”
Dalam kalimat larangan, kita sering memakai kata “No” dan setelahnya biasanya diletakkan verb + ing yaitu gerunds. Contoh:
No Smoking!
No parking in this area!
Gerunds after possesive adjective, Gerunds juga sering kita jumpai setelah possessive adjective.
Thanks for your coming.
Gerunds after certain verbs, dalam bahasa Inggris, ada beberapa kata kerja tertentu yang bila kita ingin memasukan kata kerja sesudah kata kerja tersebut, maka kata kerja setelahnya harusnya berbentuk gerund atau verb + ing.
Berikut ini daftar kata kerja-kata kerja tersebut beserta contoh kalimatnya:
Admit               :  He admitted cheating on the test.
Advise              :  The doctor generally advised drinking low-fat milk.
Allow               :  Ireland doesn’t allow smoking in bars.
Anticipate         :  I anticipated arriving late.
Appreciate       :  I appreciated her helping me.
Avoid               :  He avoided talking to her.
Begin                :  I began learning Chinese.
can’t bear         :  He can’t bear having so much responsibility.
can’t help          :  He can’t help talking so loudly.
can’t see           :  I can’t see paying so much money for a car.
can’t stand        : He can’t stand her smoking in the office.
Cease               : The government ceased providing free healthcare.
Complete         :  He completed renovating the house.
Consider          ; She considered moving to New York.
Continue           : He continued talking.
Defend             : The lawyer defended her making such statements.
Delay               : He delayed doing his taxes.
Deny                : He denied committing the crime.
Despise            : She despises waking up early.
Discuss             : We discussed working at the company.
Dislike              : She dislikes working after 5 PM.
Mind                : I don’t mind helping you.
Dread               : She dreads getting up at 5 AM.
Encourage        : He encourages eating healthy foods.
Enjoy               : We enjoy hiking.
Finish               : He finished doing his homework.
forget               : I forgot giving you my book.
hate                  : I hate cleaning the bathroom.
Imagine            : He imagines working there one day.
Involve             : The job involves traveling to Japan once a month.
Keep                : She kept interrupting me.
 Like                : She likes listening to music.
Love                : I love swimming.
Mention            : He mentioned going to that college.
Miss                      : She misses living near the beach.
neglect               : Sometimes she neglects doing her homework.
permit                : California does not permit smoking in restaurants.
Postpone          : He postponed returning to Paris.
Practice              : She practiced singing the song.
Prefer                   : He prefers sitting at the back of the movie theater.
propose              : I proposed having lunch at the beach.
 quit                      : She quit worrying about the problem.
Recall                  : Tom recalled using his credit card at the store.
Recollect          : She recollected living in Kenya.
Recommend  : Tony recommended taking the train.
regret                  : She regretted saying that.
Remember       : I remember telling her the address yesterday.
Report                 : He reported her stealing the money.
require               : The certificate requires completing two courses.
Resent                 : Nick resented Debbie’s being there.
Resist                   : He resisted asking for help.
Risk                       : He risked being caught.
Start                     : He started studying harder.
Stop                       :  She stopped working at 5 o’clock.
Suggest                  : They suggested staying at the hotel.
Tolerate                : I tolerated her talking.
Try                          : Sam tried opening the lock with a paperclip.
Understand       : I understand his quitting.
Urge                        :They urge recycling bottles and paper
Gerunds as appositive, Gerund sebagai aposisi atau penegas dalam kalimat, contoh:
·  His method, shooting and killing, eventually came to an end.
·  She has a bad habit, gambling.
·  Her favorite exercise, swimming in the pool, makes her body strong.
·  That difficult work, sawing hard woo, makes him exhausted

GERUND…SOAL-SOAL LATIHAN.

1.       ____ all the way make us tired.
a.       Walk
b.      Walking
c.       We walk
d.      We have walked
e.      By walking
2.       I don’t like ____ to another school
a.       Mira moves
b.      Mira she’s moving
c.       Mora move
d.      Mira’s moving
e.      The moving of mira
3.       I’m sorry for ____to move to another school
a.       Doing
b.      Making
c.       Causing
d.      Creating
e.      Developing
4.       Little children are usually afraid of___ by their mother
a.       Left
b.      To left
c.       Being left
d.      Leaving
e.      Been left
5.       My brother has been away from home for years without ever ______to us
a.       To write
b.      To be written
c.       Have written
d.      Writing
e.      Written
6.       Before ____his essay he read books on the subject
a.       He writes
b.      He has written
c.       Writing
d.      He has written
e.      I am writing
7.       My parent are happy about ____ the prize in the essay contest
a.       My winning
b.      I win
c.       Me winning
d.      That I win
e.      I am winning
1.       After ____ his pass, he has allowed to enter the building
a.       Shown
b.      Have shown
c.       Showed
d.      Showing
e.      To show
2.       Although dino has denied ____ the money, they are still suspecting him
a.       Stolen
b.      Steal
c.       To steal
d.      Stealing
e.      Have stolen
3.       The man sitting next to ratu said, “do you mind______?”
a.       Smoking
b.      Smoke
c.       To smoke
d.      My smoking
e.      Be smoking
4.       He must avoid____ too hard because of his poor health
a.       Be working
b.      In working
c.       Work
d.      Working
e.      To be working
5.       Would you mind_____ so loud?
a.       To talk
b.      To not talking
c.       Not talking
d.      You not talk
e.      Not to talk.
6.       Please excuse me______ you
a.       To interrupt
b.      Interrupt
c.       Interrupting
d.      Interrupted
e.      For interrupting
7.       He was sentenced to two years imprisonment he confessed _______
a.       Steal the jewels
b.      When stealing the jewels
c.       He stole the jewels
d.      To having stolen the jewels

e.   To be stealing the jewels

1.       I ____ to his behaving so rudely to ward his sister
a.       Object
b.      Dislike
c.       Disagree
d.      Complain
e.      Regret
2.        I am looking forward to _____ a salary raise next month
a.       Get
b.      Be getting
c.       Getting
d.      Have got
e.      Got
3.       Have you considered _____ to an apartment closer to your office?
a.       Move
b.      To move
c.       Moved
d.      Moving
e.      To be moving
4.       It’s hot in here. The air condition is not working’.
I think it only needs___________.”
a.       To clean
b.      Cleaning
c.       Cleaned
d.      Clean
e.      Be cleaned
5.       In her letter my friend said that she was looking forward _________ from me again.
a.       To hearing
b.      To hear
c.       Hearing
d.      Having heard
e.      Dance
6.       What does this song remind you of?
_____ with my first date.
a.       Io dance
b.      To dance
c.       Dancing
d.      To be dancing
e.      Dance

7.       We always try to avoid _______ preserved foods.

a.       Consuming
b.      To consume
c.       Consumed
d.      We consume
e.      Being consumed
1.       It’s difficult ______ smoking
a.       The give up
b.      Give up
c.       Given up
d.      To be given up
e.      To be giving up

2.       We did not know how ________ him stop drinking

a.       Make
b.      Made
c.       to make
d.      to be made
e.      making

3.       since my father and my mother are both working, we usually go ________ on Sundays

a.       to shop
b.      they shop
c.       shopping
d.      for shopping

e.      shop

4.       I remember ______ in his town when traffic wasn’t too heavy get.
a.       Be driving
b.      We driving
c.       Drive
d.      Our driving

e.      To drive.

1. I can’t help (feel)  worried about the situation in the Middle East.
2. I think most people prefer (ride)  in comfortable cars to (walk) .
3. She loves (swim)  in the lake.
4. There’s no (deny)  that he enjoys (listen)  to his own voice.
5. Don’t keep on (shout)  like that; you will wake up your mother.
6. I enjoy (rest)  in the afternoon after (try)  to finish (do)  my English homework.
7. She likes (begin)  pieces of knitting but hates (finish)  them.
8. I dread (take)  examinations for fear of (fail) .
9. I couldn’t resist (buy)  the lovely apples.
10. I wouldn’t miss (see)  that lovely film for the world!

Exercise on Infinitive and Gerund

Complete the sentences with the gerund form of the verbs in parentheses.

  1. She is good at (dance) .
  2. He is crazy about (sing) .
  3. I don’t like (play)  cards.
  4. They are afraid of (swim)  in the sea.
  5. You should give up (smoke) .
  6. Sam dreams of (be)  a popstar.
  7. He is interested in (make)  friends.
  8. My uncle is afraid of (go)  by plane.
  9. We insist on (cook)  the dinner ourselves.
Yuri was in his first year at university, studying History. He was rather a lazy student, and he tended to avoid (work)  whenever he could. In the middle of the semester, his history professor gave out an assignment, due in two weeks. Yuri intended (do)  the assignment, but he postponed(write)  it for a week. The following week, he forgot (do)  it. The night before the assignment was due, he suddenly remembered it, and rushed to the library. He tried (read)  as much as possible on the topic, but there wasn’t enough time. Yuri considered (ask)  for more time to do his paper, but the History professor was known to be very tough on students, so finally he decided (cheat)  and copy his paper from somewhere else. He found an old article on the same topic, and quickly typed it out. The next day, he submitted the paper.The following week, he was alarmed (see)  the professor approaching him, looking angry. “Is this your own work, or did you copy it?” asked the professor. Yuri denied(copy)  the paper.
“If you expect me (believe)  that, you must think I am very stupid,” said the professor. “Every word is taken from an article I wrote myself five years ago. Did you really think I would forget (write)  it?” 

 

1. A friend of mine was accused of stealing food
(I think this is a gerund as it is the object of the verb accused?)

2. My wife is out shopping right now
(I think this is not a gerund as shopping is the main verb?)

3. When Sarah is playing music she is happy
(I think this is not a gerund, playing is the verb?)

4.Can you feel my heart beating?
(I think here beating is not a gerund but an adjective describing the action of the heart?, even though ‘heart beating’ is the object of the verb ‘feel’)

5. James was washing up when I saw him yesterday
(I think here washing is the main verb and not a gerund?)

6. I regret spending so much money on shoes
(I think spending is a gerund as it is the object of the verb ‘regret’)

7. The grass wants cutting this weekend
(I think cutting is a gerund as it is the object of the verb ‘wants’)

Simple Present tense

She lives in a small house in front of my house

Mr. Tatang sometimes teaches English in the afternoon

He usually wears a black tie

Ronaldo often ask me to Play Football Every Sunday

–          Luna Maya always eats a rice for Lunch

–          All dogs have one mouth

         A Lazy Man usually gets up at Nine in the morning

          Ricardo goes to beach on Sunday

      Key and Peter always go fishing every week

I go to the office by motorcycle
 
I work at the office
I love you

I read news paper 2 hours ago

I cook Rice in the kitchen

I always come to campus on Saturday and Sunday

Simple Future Tense

  • You will swim together tomorrow
  • -They will visit Tokyo next year
  • -No one will stop us now from loving each other
  • -I dont think They will come on time
  • I will come after he comes.
  • The match will begin as soon as the player comes.
  • I will try hard to solve the problem.
  • It will rain. Tomorrow, I will meet him. 
  • Will You study?
  • Will You swim?
  • Will They visit Tokyo?
      • I will study
      • You will swim
      • They will visit Tokyo
    • I’m going to leave for Surabaya.
    • She’s going to have a new baby.
    • John is going to get married next week.
    • We are going to have a party this weekend.
    • Teachers are going to have a meeting tomorrow.

Simple Past Tense

Regular 
V1                  V2                      V3
play                played                 played
live                 lived                    lived
study              studied                studied
watch             watched              watched

Irregular
V1                 V2                     V3
go                  went                   gone
take               took                    taken
           get                 got                      got/gotten
     buy                bought                bought

I Went to beach yesterday.
My mother bought a new dress last month.
Roni got up early last Sunday.
The boy played games in this room 5 minutes ago.

I did not go to beach yesterday.
My mother did not buy a new bag last month.
Roni did not get up early last Sunday.
The boy did not play games in this room 5 minutes ago.

Did you go to school yesterday? Yes, I did/No, I did not
Did your mother buy a new car last month? Yes, she did/No, She did not
Did Roni get up early last Sunday? Yes, he did/No, He did not
Did the boy play games in this room 5 minutes ago? Yes, he did/ No, he did not

  1. I saw her standing there
  2. My Father bought this car last year 
  3. She went to Bogor a week ago
  4. When did you buy that Magazine ?
  5. What time did your sister leave for Bandung ?
  6. How did you meet your wife wife for the first time ?
  7. Did you come to her house last night ?
  8. He came with his wife yesterday
  9. Last Sunday, we went to Puncak together
  10. I never drunk coffee five years ago
  11. I did not sleep last night
  12. They went to Tokyo last month
  13. She went home two minutes ago
  14. I did not see her standing there
  15. My Father did not buy this car last year
  16. They did not go to Tokyo last month
  17. She did not go home two minutes ago
  18. Did My Father buy this car last year ?
  19. Did they go to Tokyo last year ?
  20. She went to Bogor a week ago
  21. When did you buy that Magazine ?